Oxyrhynchus 1224 consists of two small fragments from the late third or early fourth century. J. D. Crossan notes the following in his introduction in The Complete Gospels: "The papyrus is badly mutilated with not even a single complete line anywhere extant. Restorations are therefore highly conjectural. The text does not seem to be dependent on the New Testament gospels since none of their redactional elements are discernable in its few verses. Furthermore, where New Testament parallels exist, it is hard to discern a reason for the papyrus' changes, if indeed those were its sources. As an independent gospel, it belongs, insofar as its fragmentary state allows us to see, not with discourse gospels involving the risen Jesus (e.g., the Secret Book of James and the Gospel of Mary), but with sayings gospels involving the earthly Jesus (e.g., Q and the Gospel of Thomas). But the vision in 3:2 and the debates in 4:1-2 and 5:1-2 indicate a position closer to Q than to Thomas. No opponents, for example, ever challenge Jesus in the few narrative situations in Thomas as they do here and in Q." Crossan suggests that the document might have been written as early as the mid-first century.
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